The Present in lively narrative is often used for the Historical
curritur ad praetōrium;
Cleomenēs in pūblico esse
domī; (Verr. 5.92), the news
is brought to Syracuse; they run to headquarters;
Cleomenes does not venture to be abroad; he shuts
himself up at home.
[*] Note.--This usage,
common in all languages, comes from imagining past events as
going on before our eyes (
, § 585. b. N.).
For the Present Indicative with dum
, see § 556.
The present may be used for the perfect in a summary enumeration of
past events (Annalistic Present
crēscit Albae ruīnīs:
cīvium numerus; Caelius
additur urbī mōns ”
, Rome meanwhile grows as a result of the fall
of Alba: the number of citizens is doubled; the
Cœlian hill is added to the town