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468. The Present, especially in colloquial language and poetry, is often used for the Future:—
  1. īmusne sessum (De Or. 3.17) , shall we take a seat? (are we going to sit?)
  2. hodiē uxōrem dūcis (Ter. And. 321) , are you to be married to-day?
  3. quod fit, pereō funditus (id. 244), if this happens, I am utterly undone.
  4. ecquid adiuvās (Clu. 71) , won't you give me a little help?
  5. in iūs vocō . nōn . nōn īs (Pl. Asin. 480) , I summon you to the court. I won't go. You won't?

Note.-- and its compounds are especially frequent in this use (cf. where are you going to-morrow? and the Greek εἶμι in a future sense). Verbs of necessity, possibility, wish, and the like (as possum , volō , etc.) also have reference to the future.

For other uses of the Present in a future sense, see under Conditions (§ 516. a. N.), antequam and priusquam (§ 551. c), dum (§ 553. N. 2), and § 444. a. N.

Historical Present

hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (2):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 2.32
    • J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., AG Cic. S. Rosc..47-57.53-57.56
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