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94. Most nouns of the Fourth Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238. b):
  1. cantus, song, CAN, canō, sing; cāsus (for † cad-tus ), chance, CAD, cadō , fall, exsulātus, exile, from exsulō, to be an exile ( exsul ).

a. Many are formed either from verb-stems not in use, or by analogy:

  1. cōnsulātus (as if from †cōnsulō, -āre), senātus , incestus .

b. The accusative and the dative or ablative of nouns in -tus (-sus) form the Supines of verbs (§ 159. b): as, spectātum , petītum; dictū, vīsū .

c. Of many verbal derivatives only the ablative is used as a noun: as, iussū ( meō ), by (mycommand; so iniussū ( populī ), without (the people's) order. Of some only the dative is used: as, dīvīsuī .

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 1.19
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