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379. The Dative of Reference is used idiomatically without any verb in colloquial questions and exclamations:—
  1. quō mihi fortūnam (Hor. Ep. 1.5.12) , of what use to me is fortune?
  2. unde mihi lapidem (Hor. S. 2.7.116) , where can I get a stone?
  3. quō tibi, Tillī; (id. 1.6.24), what use for you, Tillius?

a. The dative of reference is sometimes used after interjections:

  1. ei (hei) “mihi(Aen. 2.274) , ah me!
  2. vae victīs (Liv. 5.48) , woe to the conquered.
  3. em tibi, there, take that (there for you)! [Cf. § 380.]

Note.--To express FOR—meaning instead of, in defence of, in behalf of—the ablative with prō is used:—

    prō patriā morī; (Hor. Od. 3.2.13), to die for one's country.
  1. ego ībō prō (Plaut. Most. 1131), I will go instead of you.

Ethical Dative

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