Latin is an inflected language.
Inflection is a change made in the form of a word to show its grammatical
Inflectional changes sometimes take place in the body of a word, or at the
beginning, but oftener in its termination:—
vōx, a voice;
vōcis, of a voice;
vocō, I call;
vocat, he calls;
vocet, let him call;
vocāvit, he has
tangit, he touches;
tetigit, he touched.
Terminations of inflection had originally independent meanings which are now
obscured. They correspond nearly to the use of prepositions, auxiliaries,
and personal pronouns in English.
, the termination is equivalent to he
, to the preposition of;
the change of vowel signifies a change of mood.
Inflectional changes in the body of a verb usually denote relations of tense
or mood, and often correspond to the use of auxiliary verbs in
frangit, he breaks or
broke or has broken;
mordet, he bites;
momordit, he bit.