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52. Greek nouns of the Second Declension end in -os, -ōs, masculine or feminine, and in -on neuter.

They are mostly proper names and are declined as follows in the Singular, the Plural, when found, being regular:—

mȳthos , M. Athōs , M. Dēlos , F. Īlion, N.
fable Athos Delos Ilium

NOM. mȳthos Athōs (-ō Dēlos Īlion
GEN. mȳthī Athō (-ī Dēlī Īliī
DAT. mȳthō Athō Dēlō Īliō
ACC. mȳthon Athōn (-um Dēlon (-um Īlion
ABL. mȳthō Athō Dēlō Īliō
VOC. mȳthe Athōs Dēle Īlion

a. Many names in -ēs belonging to the third declension have also a genitive in -ī: as, Thūcȳdidēs , Thūcȳdidī (compare § 44. b).

b. Several names in -er have also a nominative in -us: as, Teucer or Teucrus . The name Panthūs has the vocative Panthū (§ 81. 3).

c. The genitive plural of certain titles of books takes the Greek termination -ōn: as, Geōrgicōn, of the Georgics.

d. The termination -oe (for Greek -οι) is sometimes found in the nominative plural: as, Adelphoe, the Adelphi (a play of Terence).

e. Greek names in -eus (like Orpheus ) have forms of the second and third declensions (see § 82).

hide References (1 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., AG Cic. 25
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