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311. In a particular negative aliquis ( aliquī ), some one (some), is regularly used, where in a universal negative quisquam, any one, or ūllus, any, would be required:—
  1. iūstitia numquam nocet cuiquam (Fin. 1.50) , justice never does harm to anybody. [ alicui would mean to somebody who possesses it.]
  2. nōn sine aliquō metū, not without some fear. But,sine ūllō metū, without any fear.
  3. cum aliquid nōn habeās (Tusc. 1.88) , when there is something you have not.

Note.--The same distinction holds between quis and aliquis on the one hand, and quisquam ( ūllus ) on the other, in conditional and other sentences when a negative is expressed or suggested:—

  1. quisquam, ille sapiēns fuit (Lael. 9) , if any man was (ever) a sage, he was.
  2. dum praesidia ūlla fuērunt (Rosc. Am. 126) , while there were any armed forces.
  3. quid in peccāvī; (Att. 3.15.4), if I have done wrong towards you [in any particular case (see § 310)].

hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (2):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 1.40
    • J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., AG Cic. 25
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