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155. The following Noun and Adjective forms are also included in the inflection of the Latin Verb:—

a. Four Participles,1 viz.:—

Active: the Present and Future Participles.

Passive: the Perfect Participle and the Gerundive.2

b. The Gerund: this is in form a neuter noun of the second declension, used only in the oblique cases of the singular.

c. The Supine: this is in form a verbal noun of the fourth declension in the accusative (-um) and dative or ablative (-ū3 singular.

1 The Participles are adjectives in inflection and meaning, but have the power of verbs in construction and in distinguishing time.

2 The Gerundive is also used as an adjective of necessity, duty, etc. (§ 158. d). In late use it became a Future Passive Participle.

3 Originally locative.

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