[*] 497. A noun and a passive participle are often so united that the participle and not the noun contains the main idea:—1
- ante conditam condendamve urbem (Liv. Pref.), before the city was built or building.
- “illī lībertātem imminūtam cīvium Rōmānōrum nōn tulērunt; vōs ēreptam vītam neglegētis ” (Manil. 11) , they did not endure the infringement of the citizens' liberty; will you disregard the destruction of their lives?
- “post nātōs hominēs ” (Brut. 224) , since the creation of man.
- “iam ā conditā urbe ” (Phil. 3.9) , even from the founding of the city.
- “opus factō est viāticō ” (Pl. Trin. 887) , there is need of laying in provision.
- “ mātūrātō opus est ” (Liv. 8.13.17) , there is need of haste.
- “fidem quam habent spectātam iam et diū cōgnitam ” (Caecil. 11) , my fidelity, which they have proved and long known.
- “cohortīs in aciē LXXX cōnstitūtās habēbat ” (B. C. 3.89) , he had eighty cohorts stationed in line of battle.
- “nefāriōs ducēs captōs iam et comprehēnsōs tenētis ” (Cat. 3.16) , you have now captured the infamous leaders and hold them in custody.
- “praefectōs suōs multī missōs fēcērunt ” (Verr. 3.134) , many discharged their officers (made dismissed).
- “hīc trānsāctum reddet omne ” (Pl. Capt. 345) , he will get it all done (restore it finished).
- “ adēmptum tibi iam faxō omnem metum ” (Ter. Haut. 341) , I will relieve you of all fear (make it taken away).
- “illam tibi incēnsam dabō ” (Ter. Ph. 974) , I will make her angry with you.
- “ut eum nēmō umquam in equō sedentem vīderit ” (Verr. 5.27) , so that no one ever saw him sitting on a horse. [Cf. Tusc. 3.31.]
[*] Note.--The same construction is used after faciō , indūcō , and the like, with the name of an author as subject: as, “—Xenophōn facit Sōcratem disputantem” (N. D. 1.31) , Xenophon represents Socrates disputing.Future Participle (Active)