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285. Adjectives are either Attributive or Predicate.

  1. An Attributive Adjective simply qualifies its noun without the intervention of a verb or participle, expressed or implied: as, —bonus imperātor, a good commander; stellae lūcidae, bright stars; verbum Graecum, a Greek word.
  2. All other adjectives are called Predicate Adjectives:—
  1. stellae lūcidaeerant, the stars were bright.
  2. sit Scīpiō clārus(Cat. 4.21) , let Scipio be illustrious.
  3. hominēsmītīs reddidit (Inv. 1.2) , has rendered men mild.
  4. tria praedia Capitōnīpropria trāduntur (Rosc. Am. 21) , three farms are handed over to Capito as his own.
  5. cōnsilium cēpēruntplēnum sceleris (id. 28), they formed a plan full of villany.

Note.--A predicate adjective may be used with sum or a copulative verb (§ 283); it may have the construction of a predicate accusative after a verb of naming, calling, or the like (§ 393. N.); or it may be used in apposition like a noun (§ 282. b).

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 2.27
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