previous next

240. Nouns denoting means or instrument are formed from roots and verb-stems (rarely from noun-stems) by means of the neuter suffixes—

-bulum, -culum, -brum, -crum, -trum

Note.-- -trum (stem tro-) was an old formation from tor- (§ 234. 2.15), with the stem suffix o-, and -clum (stem clo- for tlo-) appears to be related; -culum is the same as -clum; -bulum contains lo- (§ 234. II. 9, 10) and -brum is closely related.

-bulum, fodder; pāscere, to feed.
sta-bulum, stall; stāre, to stand.
vehi-culum, wagon; vehere, to carry.
candēlā-brum, candlestick; candēla, candle (a secondary formation).
sepul-crum, tomb; sepelīre, to bury.
claus-trum († claud-trum ), bar; claudere, to shut.
arā-trum, plough; arāre, to plough.

a. A few masculines and feminines of the same formation occur as nouns and adjectives:—

-bula, tale; fārī, to speak.
rīdi-culus, laughable; rīdēre, to laugh.
fa-ber, smith; facere, to make.
late-bra, hiding-place; latēre, to hide.
tere-bra, auger; terere, to bore.
mulc-tra, milk-pail; mulgēre, to milk.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: