The Vocative is the case of direct address:—
Tiberīne pater, tē,
sāncte, precor ”
, O father Tiber, thee,
holy one, I pray.
“rēs omnis mihi tēcum
, my whole attention will be devoted to
A noun in the nominative in apposition with the subject of the imperative
mood is sometimes used instead of the vocative:—
“audī tū, populus
, hear, thou people of Alba.
The vocative of an adjective is sometimes used in poetry instead of the
nominative, where the verb is in the second person:—
moritūre ruis ”
, whither art thou rushing to thy doom?
, robed you salute the censor.
is used as a predicate in the phrase macte
), success attend your
macte virtūte esse ”
, I should bid you go on and prosper in your
macte novā virtūte puer ”
, success attend your valor, boy!
[*] Note.--As the original
quantity of the final e in macte is not
determinable, it may be that the word was an adverb, as in
and the like.