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76. The regular form of the Ablative singular of i-stems would be -ī: as, sitis , sitī; but in most nouns this is changed to -e.

a. The ablative in -ī is found exclusively—

  1. In nouns having the accusative in -im (§ 75); also secūris .
  2. In the following adjectives used as nouns: aequālis , annālis , aquālis , cōnsulāris , gentīlis , molāris , prīmipīlāris , tribūlis .
  3. In neuters in -e, -al, -ar: except baccar , iubar , rēte , and sometimes mare. b. The ablative in -ī is found sometimes—

Note 1.--The ablative offamēs is always famē(§ 105. e). The defective māne has sometimes mānī (§ 103. b. N.) as ablative.

Note 2.--Most names of towns in -e (as, Praeneste, Tergeste) and Sōracte , a mountain, have the ablative in -e. Caere has Caerēte.

Note 3.--Canis and iuvenis have cane, iuvene

1 Always in the formula aquā et īgnī interdīcī (§ 401).

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  • Commentary references to this page (1):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 1.4
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