[*] 332. A question of simple fact, requiring the answer yes or no, is formed by adding the enclitic -ne to the emphatic word:—
- “ tūne id veritus es” (Q. Fr. 1.3.1) , did you fear that?
- “ hīcine vir usquam nisi in patriā moriētur” (Mil. 104) , shall this man die anywhere but in his native land?
- “is tibi mortemne vidētur aut dolōrem timēre ” (Tusc. 5.88) , does he seem to you to fear death or pain?
- “patēre tua cōnsilia nōn sentīs ” (Cat. 1.1) , do you not see that your schemes are manifest? (you do not see, eh?)
[*] Note.--In such cases, as no sign of interrogation appears, it is often doubtful whether the sentence is a question or an ironical statement.[*] b. When the enclitic -ne is added to a negative word, as in nōnne , an affirmative answer is expected. The particle num suggests a negative answer:—
- “ nōnne animadvertis ” (N. D. 3.89) , do you not observe?
- “ num dubium est ” (Rosc. Am. 107) , there is no doubt, is there?
- “ meministīne mē in senātū dīcere ” (Cat. 1.7) , don't you remember my saying in the Senate?
- “ rēctēne interpretor sententiam tuam ” (Tusc. 3.37) , do I not rightly interpret your meaning?
[*] Note 1.--This was evidently the original meaning of -ne; but in most cases the negative force was lost and -ne was used merely to express a question. So the English interrogative no? shades off into eh?