previous next

250. Other adjectives meaning in a general way belonging to (especially of places and times) are formed with the suffixes—

ter (-tris), -ester (-estris), -timus, -nus, -ernus, -urnus, -ternus (-turnus)

palūs-ter, of the marshes; palūs, a marsh.
pedes-ter, of the foot-soldiers; pedes, a footman.
sēmēs-tris, lasting six months; sex mēnsēs, six months.
silv-ester, silv-estris, woody; silva, a wood.
fīni-timus, neighboring, on the borders; fīnis, an end.
mari-timus, of the sea; mare, sea.
vēr-nus, vernal; vēr, spring.
hodi-ernus, of to-day; hodiē, to-day.
di-urnus, daily; diēs, day.
hes-ternus, of yesterday; herī (old hesī ), yesterday.
diū-turnus, lasting; diū, long (in time).

Note.--Of these, -ester is formed by adding tri- (cf. tro-, § 234. 2.16) to stems in t- or d-. Thus †pedet-tri-becomes pedestri-, and others follow the analogy. -nus is an inherited suffix (§ 234. 2.4). -ernus and -urnus are formed by adding -nus to s-stems: as, diur-nus (for † dius-nus ), and hence, by analogy, hodiernus ( hodiē ). By an extension of the same principle were formed the suffixes -ternus and -turnus from words like paternus and nocturnus .

a. Adjectives meaning belonging to are formed from nouns by means of the suffixes—

-ārius, -tōrius (-sōrius)

ōrdin-ārius, regular; ōrdō, rank, order.
argent-ārius, of silver or money; argentum, silver.
extr-ārius, stranger; extrā, outside.
meri-tōrius, profitable; meritus, earned.
dēvor-sōrius, of an inn (cf. § 254. 5); dēvorsus, turned aside.

Note 1.--Here -ius (§ 234. 2.11) is added to shorter forms in -āris and -or: as, pecūliārius (from pecūliāris ), bellātōrius (from bellātor ).

Note 2.--These adjectives are often fixed as nouns (see § 254).

Verbal Adjectives

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: