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120. Comparatives are declined as follows:—

melior, better STEM meliōr- for meliōs- plūs, more STEM plūr- for plūs-
M., F. N. M., F. N.
NOM. melior melius ----- plūs
GEN. meliōris meliōris ----- plūris
DAT. meliōrī meliōrī ----- -----
ACC. meliōrem melius ----- plūs
ABL. meliōre (-ī meliōre (-ī ----- plūre
NOM. meliōrēs meliōra plūrēs plūra
GEN. meliōrum meliōrum plūrium plūrium
DAT. meliōribus meliōribus plūribus plūribus
ACC. meliōrēs (-īs meliōra plūrēs (-īs plūra
ABL. meliōribus meliōribus plūribus plūribus

a. All comparatives except plūs are declined like melior .

b. The stem of comparatives properly ended in ŏ¯s-; but this became or in the nominative masculine and feminine, and ōr- in all other cases except the nominative and accusative singular neuter, where s is retained and ŏ is changed to ŭ (cf. honŏr, -ōris; corpus, -ŏris). Thus comparatives appear to have two terminations.

c. The neuter singular plūs is used only as a noun. The genitive (rarely the ablative) is used only as an expression of value (cf. § 417). The dative is not found in classic use. The compound complūrēs, several, has sometimes neuter plural complūria .

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