Subordinate Clauses are of various kinds.
A clause introduced by a Relative Pronoun or Relative Adverb is called a
“Mosa prōfluit ex monte
Vosegō, quī est in
(B. G. 4.10)
, the Meuse rises in the Vosges mountains, which
are on the borders of the Lingones.
For Relative Pronouns (or Relative Adverbs) serving to connect
independent sentences, see § 308. f.
A clause introduced by an Adverb of Time is called a Temporal
cum tacent, clāmant ”
, while they are silent, they cry aloud.
morbō gravī, cum iactantur
aestū febrīque, sī
aquam gelidam biberint, prīmō
relevārī videntur (id. 1.31), men suffering with a
severe sickness, when they are tossing with
the heat of fever, if they drink cold water,
seem at first to be relieved.
A clause containing a Condition, introduced by sī
(or some equivalent
expression), is called a Conditional Clause. A sentence containing a
conditional clause is called a Conditional Sentence.
sī aquam gelidam biberint
, above) is a Conditional
is a Conditional Clause.
A clause expressing the Purpose of an action is called a Final
edō ut vīvam,
I eat to live (that I may live).
dīcerent, he sent ambassadors to
say (who should say).
A clause expressing the Result of an action is called a Consecutive
- tam longē aberam ut nōn
vidērem, I was too far away to
see (so far away that I did not