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98. The following peculiarities require notice:—

a. Of nouns of the fifth declension, only diēs and rēs are declined throughout. Most want the plural, which is, however, found in the nominative or accusative in aciēs , effigiēs, ēluviēs, faciēs , glaciēs , seriēs, speciēs, spēs .1

b. The Locative form of this declension ends in -ē. It is found only in certain adverbs and expressions of time:—

hodiē, to-day; diē quārtō (old, quārtī ), the fourth day;
perendiē, day after to-morrow; prīdiē, the day before.

c. The fifth declension is closely related to the first, and several nouns have forms of both: as, māteria , -iēs; saevitia , -iēs. The genitive and dative in -ēī are rarely found in these words.

d. Some nouns vary between the fifth and the third declension: as, requiēs , satiēs (also satiās , genitive -ātis), plēbēs (also plēbs, genitive plēbis), famēs, genitive famis , ablative famē.

Note.--In the genitive and dative -ēī (-ĕī) was sometimes contracted into -ei : as, tribūnus plēbei , tribune of the people ( plēbēs ). Genitives in -ī and -ē also occur: as, “ diī (Aen. 1.636) , plēbī-scītum, “ aciē (B. G. 2.23) . A few examples of the old genitive in -ēs are found (cf. -ās in the first declension, § 43. b). The dative has rarely -ē, and a form in -ī is cited.

1 The forms faciērum , speciērum , speciēbus , spērum , spēbus , are cited by grammarians, also spērēs , spēribus, and some of these occur in late authors.

hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references to this page (2):
    • J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 2.23
    • J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., AG Cic. S. Rosc..21-46.36-42.42
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