ἄρχοντος when one rules. ἀρκτέον being abstract, “it is right to rule,” there is no harshness in the gen. absol. with τινός understood （cp. 612）, which is equivalent to ἐάν τις ἄρχῃ: cp. Dem. 6.20 “λέγοντος ἄν τινος πιστεῦσαι οἴεσθε;” “think you that, if any one had said it, they would have believed?” = οἴεσθε, εἴ τις ἔλεγε, πιστεῦσαι ἂν （αὐτούς）;ὧ πόλις πόλις here, an appeal: in Attic comedy, an exclamation like o tempora, o mores: Blaydes cp. Eupolis ap. Athen. 424b “ᾦ πόλις, πόλις ι ὡς εὐτυχὴς εἶ μᾶλλον ἢ καλῶς φρονεῖς”: and so Aristoph. Ach. 27.
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