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1 It is hardly necessary to state that this is not the fact. This plant is the Cyperus papyrus of Linnæus, the "berd" of the modern Egyptians.
2 II. B. vi. 1. 168. See B. xxxiii. c. 4, where the tablets which are here called "pugillares," are styled "codicilli" by Pliny.
3 His argument is, that paper made from the papyrus could not be known in the time of Homer, as that plant only grew in certain districts which had been rescued from the sea since the time of the poet.
4 Od. B. iv. 1. 355.
5 See B. ii. c. 87.
6 There is little doubt that parchment was really known many years before the time of Eumenes II., king of Pontus. It is most probable that this king introduced extensive improvements in the manufacture of parchment, for Herodotus mentions writing on skins as common in his time; and in B. v. c. 58, he states that the Ionians had been accustomed to give the name of skins,διφθέραι, , to books.
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