previous next

CHAP. 3. (2.)—ÆTOLIA.

The peoples of Ætolia are the Athamanes1, the Tymphæi2, the Ephyri3, the Ænienses, the Perrhæbi4, the Dolopes5, the Maraces, and the Atraces6, in whose territory rises the river Atrax, which flows into the Ionian Sea. Calydon7 is a city of Ætolia, situate at a distance of seven miles from the sea, and near the banks of the river Evenus8. We then come to Macynia9, and Molycria, behind which lie Mounts Chalcis10 and Taphiassus. On the coast again, there is the promontory of Antirrhium11, off which is the mouth of the Corinthian Gulf, which flows in and separates Ætolia from the Peloponnesus, being less12 than one mile in width. The promontory which faces it on the opposite side is called Rhion13. The towns of Ætolia, however, on the Corinthian Gulf are Naupactus14 and Pylene15; and, more inland, Pleuron and Hali- cyrna16. The most famous mountains are Tomarus, in the district of Dodona, Crania17 in Ambracia, Aracynthus18 in Acarnania, and Acanthon19, Panætolium20, and Macynium21, in Ætolia.

1 Pouqueville says that Athamania occupied the localities now known as Djoumerca and Radovitch. It properly belonged to Epirus, and Pliny makes a mistake in considering it as a part of Ætolia.

2 According to Pouqueville the ruins of Tymphæa are to be seen near the village of Paliouri, four miles from Janina.

3 Ephyre, a town of the Agreei, is also mentioned by Strabo, but nothing whatever is known of it.

4 The main body of the Perrhæbi were a people of Thessaly.

5 Dolopia, now called Anovlachia, was properly reckoned part of Epirus.

6 They are probably not the same people as the inhabitants of Atrax in Thessaly, which will be found mentioned in the 15th Chapter of this Book.

7 The most famous city of Ætolia in its day, and the residence of Œneus, father of Meleager and Tydeus, and grandfather of Diomedes. The greater part of its inhabitants were removed by Augustus to his new city of Nicopolis. Leake supposes its ruins to be those seen by him at Kurt-Aga, to the east of the river Evenus.

8 Now called the Fidaris.

9 Pouqueville supposes the site of Macynia to have been that of the modern Koukio-Castron, and that of Molycria the present Manaloudi.

10 Probably the present Varassova; there was a town called Chalcis, or Hypochalcis, at its foot. The present Kaki-Skala was probably the mountain of Taphiassus.

11 Opposite the Promontory of Rhium, at the entrance of the Corinthian Gulf. It is now called the Castle of Roumelia, or the Punta of the Dardanelles of Roum Ili.

12 Leake and Dodwell make it a mile and a half.

13 Or Rhium. It is now called the Castle of the Morea.

14 The modern Enebatché or Lepanto; whence the Corinthian Gulf takes its modern name.

15 Proschium was built at a later period on the site of Pylene. Its site appears to be unknown. The modern Kyra-tis-Irinis is thought to occupy the site of Pleuron.

16 Leake supposes some ruins between Kurt-aga, the site of Chalcedon, and the east end of the Lagoon of Missolonghi, to be the remains of Halicyrna.

17 Leake supposes it to be identical with the high mountain now called Kelberini. Others again identify it with Gribovo.

18 Pliny erroneously places this mountain in Acarnania. It was a range of Ætolia, now called Zygos.

19 Perhaps the modern Djourmerca.

20 Either the present Plocopari, or perhaps, more probably, Viena.

21 A part of Mount Taphiassus. It is mentioned only by Pliny.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

load focus Latin (Karl Friedrich Theodor Mayhoff, 1906)
hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

hide References (25 total)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: