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1 From the Greek, meaning" without strength." The mixture, Fee remarks, would appear to be neither potable nor wholesome.
2 See B. xviii. c. 24. A kind of beer might be made with it, Fée says; but this mixture must have been very unpalatable.
3 See B. xiii. c. 32.
4 A vinous drink may be made in the manner here stated; but the palm. wine of the peoples of Asia and Africa is only made of the fermented sap of the tree. See B. xiii. c. 9.
5 He says "caryotæ," and not chydææ, in B. xiii. c. 4. The modius was something more than our peck.
7 "Prime palm" apparently.
8 Tortivum, probably: the second squeezing.
9 See B. xiii. c. 15.
10 See B. xiii. c. 14.
11 See B. xiii. c. 16.
13 Dioscorides calls it "strobilites." Fée says that they could be of no service in producing a vinous drink.
14 See B. xv. c. 37.
15 Or "myrtle wine."
16 Myrtle will not make a wine, but simply a medicament, in which wine is the menstruum.
17 Artemisia abrotonum of Linnæus.
18 Ruta graveolens of Linnæus.
19 Nepeta cataria of Linnæus.
20 Thymus serpyllum of Linnæus.
21 Marrubium vulgare of Linnæus.
22 Grape-juice boiled down to one-third.
23 Brassica napus of Linnæus.
24 Scilla marina of Linnæus.
25 Nardus Gallicus, or Valeriana Celtica of Linnæus. See B. xii. c. 26.
26 Nardus silvestris or baccaris.
27 Aromatic wines.
28 In c. 15 of this Book.
29 Valeriana Celtica.
30 Convolvulus scoparius of Linnæus.
31 Andropogon schœnanthus of Linnæus.
32 Costus Indicus of Linnæus.
33 Andropogon nardus of Linnæus.
34 See B. xiii. c. 2.
35 See B. xii. c. 43.
36 Crocus sativus of Linnæus.
37 Asarum Europæum of Linnæus.
38 See B. xii. c. 59.
41 Inula helenium of Linnæus. See B. xxi. c. 91.
42 Medicago sativa of Linnæus.
43 Symphytum officinale of Linnæus, being all different varieties.
44 "Absinthites;" made of the Artemisia Pontica of Linnæus. A medicinal wine is still prepared with wormwood; and "apsinthe," a liqueur much esteemed in France, is made from it.
46 Hyssopites officinalis of Linnæus.
49 Fée says that this is not the fact; and queries whether the vulgar notion still entertained on this subject, may not be traced up to our author. It is a not uncommon belief that roses smell all the sweeter if onions are planted near them.
50 Lavendula stœchas of Linnæus. See B. xxvii. c. 107.
51 Gentiana lutea of Linnæus. See B. xxv. c. 34. Gentian wine is still made.
52 Thymus tragoriganum of Linnæus. See B. xx. c. 68.
53 Origanum dictamnus of Linnæus. See B. xxv. c. 63.
54 Asarum Europæum of Linnæus. See B. xii. c. 27.
55 Query, if not carrot? See B. xxv. c. 64.
56 A variety of salvia or sage: it will be mentioned again, further on.
57 Laserpitium hirsutum of Linnæus. See B. xxv. cc. 11, 12, and 13.
58 Acorus calamus of Linnæus. See B. xxv. c. 100.
59 See B. xxi. c. 32.
60 See B. xxi. c. 31.
61 Atrapora mandragora of Linnæus. This wine would act as a narcotic poison, it would appear.
62 Andropogon schœnanthus of Linnæus. See B. xxi. c. 72.
63 The origin and meaning of these names are unknown.
64 See B. xii. c. 11. Juniperus Lycia, and Juniperus Phœnicea of Linnæus.
65 Cupressus sempervirens of Linnæus.
66 Laurus nobilis of Linnæus. See B. xv. c. 39.
67 Juniperus communis of Linnæus.
68 See B. xiii. c. 12. The Pistacia terebinthus of Linnæus.
69 See B. xii. c. 36. The Pistacia lentiscus of Linnæus.
70 "Chamelæ." The Granium Cnidium, Daphne Cnidium, and Daphne cneorum of Linnæus. See B. xiii. c. 35. Venomous plants, which, taken internally, would be productive of dangerous results.
71 Chamæpitrys. The Teucrium chamæpitrys of Linnæus. See B. xxv. c. 20.
72 Chamædrys. The Teucrium chamædrys of Linnæus. See B. xxiv. c. 80. Dioscorides mentions most of these so-called wines.
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