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According to their respective kinds, these waters are beneficial for diseases of the sinews, feet, or hips, for sprains or for fractures; they act, also, as purgatives upon the bowels, heal wounds,1 and are singularly useful for affections of the head and ears: indeed, the waters of Cicero are good for the eyes.2 The country-seat where these last are found is worthy of some further mention: travelling from Lake Avernus towards Puteoli, it is to be seen on the sea-shore, renowned for its fine portico and its grove. Cicero gave it the name of Academia,3 after the place so called at Athens: it was here that he composed those treatises4 of his that were called after it; it was here, too, that he raised those monuments5 to himself; as though, indeed, he had not already done so throughout the length and breadth of the known world.

Shortly after the death of Cicero, and when it had come into the possession of Antistius Vetus,6 certain hot springs burst forth at the very portals7 of this house, which were found to be remarkably beneficial for diseases of the eyes, and have been celebrated in verse by Laurea Tullius,8 one of the freedmen of Cicero; a fact which proves to demonstration that his servants even had received inspiration from that majestic and all-powerful genius of his. I will give the lines, as they deserve to be read, not there only, but everywhere: Great prince of Roman eloquence, thy grove,
Where erst thou bad'st it rise, is verdant now;
Thy villa, from fair Academia9 nam'd,
From Vetus now its finish'd graces takes.
Here, too, fair streams burst forth, unknown before,
Which with their spray the languid eves relieve.
The land, I ween, these bounteous springs reveal'd,
To honour Cicero, its ancient lord.
Throughout the world his works by eyes are scann'd;
May eyes unnunber'd by these streams be heal'd.

1 The Eaux Bonnes in the Basses Pyrénées are good for wounds. After the battle of Pavia they received from the soldiers of Jean d'Albret, king of Navarre, the name of Eaux d'arquebusade.

2 Only, Ajasson remarks, where the ophthalmia is caused by inflammation of the conjunctive.

3 He also called it his Puteolan villa.

4 The "Quæstiones Academicæ."

5 "Monumenta." Ajasson queries what monuments they were, thus raised by the "parvenu of Arpinum." He suggests that the erection may have been a chapel, temple-library, or possibly funeral monument.

6 C. Antistius Vetus probably, a supporter of Julius Cæsar, Consul Suffectus, B. C. 30.

7 "In parte primâ."

8 There are three Epigrams, probably by this author, in the Greek Anthology.

9 We are sensible that, in thus shortening the penultimate, we shall incur the censure of solecizing, which Hardouin has cast upon the poet Claudian for doing the same.

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