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1 The eglantine. See B. xvi. c. 71.
2 He alludes to "bedeguar," a fungous excrescence found on the wild rose-tree, and produced by the insect known as the Cynips rosæ. It is somewhat rough on the exterior, like the outer coat of the chesnut.
3 The fruit, Fée says, of the wild eglantine. See B. xxv. c. 6.
4 Or "dog-bramble."
5 "Dog-strangle," apparently.
6 "Drawn with a string." Fée thinks that Pliny has confused the account given of this plant with that of the Aglaophotis, mentioned in c. 102 of this Book, and that the Cynosbatos is only a variety of the Rubus or bramble. Other authorities identify it with the Rubus caninus, or with the Rosa sempervirens. Desfontaines thinks that it is the Ribes nigrurn, or black currant; and Littré is of opinion that some gooseberry or currant tree is meant.
7 See B. xiii. c. 44.
8 "Thyrsus." Fée thinks that the allusion is to the produce of the caper, while Hardouin says that it is the first cynosbatos that he is speak- ing of. Hardouin is probably right.
9 The blossom, perhaps, of the Rubus fruticosus, or blackberry.
10 See B. xii. c. 60.
11 Fée says that they have no such property, and that the blossoms of the bramble are entirely destitute of any known medicinal qualities. The roots and leaves are somewhat astringent.
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