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In cases of hydrophobia resulting from the bite of the mad dog, the practice is to rub the patient's face with the fat of the sea-calf; an application rendered still more efficacious by the admixture of hyæna's marrow, oil of mastich, and wax. Bites inflicted by the muræna are cured by an application of the head of that fish, reduced to ashes. The pastinaca,1 also, is remedial for its own bite, the ashes of the same fish, or of another of the same genus, being applied to the wound with vinegar. When this fish is intended for food, every portion of the back that is of a saffron colour should be removed, as well as the whole of the head: care, too, should be taken not to wash it over much; an observation equally applicable to all kinds of shell-fish, when intended for food, the flavour being deteriorated2 thereby.

The hippocampus,3 taken in drink, neutralizes the poison of the sea-hare. As a counter-poison to dorycnium,4 sea-urchins are remarkably useful; as also in cases where persons have taken juice of carpathum5 internally; more particularly if the urchins are used with the liquor in which they are boiled. Boiled sea-crabs, too, are looked upon as highly efficacious in cases of poisoning by dorycnium; and as a neutralizer of the venom of the sea-hare they are particularly good.

1 Or sting-ray. See B. ix. c. 72.

2 There is considerable truth in this observation.

3 The sea-horse, the Syngnathus hippocampus of Linnæus. See B. ix. c. 1

4 See B. xxi. c. 105.

5 The same, probably, as the "opocarpathon" of B. xxviii. c. 45, a substance which does not appear to have been identified with any degree of certainty. See also c. 31 of the present Book.

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