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1 The Lactuca sativa of Linnæus. This account of the Greek varieties is from Theophrastus, Hist. Plant. B. vii. c. 4.
2 This, no doubt, is fabulous, and on a par with the Greek tradition that Adonis concealed himself under the leaves of a lettuce, when he was attacked and killed by the wild boar. The Coss, or Roman, lettuce, as Fée remarks, is the largest of all, and that never exceeds fifteen to twenty inches in height, leaves, stalk and all.
3 This would seem not to be a distinct variety, as the rounded stalk is a characteristic of them all.
4 "Sessile." A cabbage-lettuce, probably; though Hardouin dissents from that opinion.
5 Columella more particularly. There are still varieties known respec- tively as the black, brown, white, purple, red, and blood-red lettuce.
6 Martial, 13. v. Epig. 79, gives to this lettuce the epithet of "vile."
7 It has been suggested that this may have been wild endive, the Cichoreum intubus of botanists.
8 Or "poppy-lettuce." See B. xx. c. 26. The Lactuca virosa, probably, of modern botany, the milky juice of which strongly resembles opium in its effects.
9 For its medicinal qualities, most probably.
11 So called, Columella informs us, from Cæcilius Metellus, Consul A.U.C. 503.
12 Meaning "antaphrodisiac." The other name has a kindred meaning.
13 A.U.C. 731.
14 Antonius Musa. For this service he received a large sum of money, and the permission to wear a gold ring, and a statue was erected by public subscription in honour of him, near that of Æsculapius. He is supposed to be the person described by Virgil in the Æneid, B. xii. 1. 390, et seq., under the name of lapis. See B. xxix. c. 5 of this work.
15 Vinegar and honey; a mixture very ill-adapted, as Fée observes, to preserve either the medicinal or alimentary properties of the lettuce.
16 "Caprina lactuca." See B. xx. c. 24.
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