CHAP. 14.—AT WHAT PERIOD ALL THE STATUES ERECTED BY
PRIVATE INDIVIDUALS WERE REMOVED FROM THE PUBLIC
We are informed by L. Piso, that when M. Æmilius and C.
Popilius were consuls, for the second time,1
the censors, P.
Cornelius Scipio and M. Popilius, caused all the statues
erected round the Forum in honour of those who had borne
the office of magistrates, to be removed; with the exception of
those which had been placed there, either by order of the
people or of the senate. The statue also which Spurius
who had aspired to the supreme authority, had
erected in honour of himself, before the Temple of Tellus, was
melted down by order of the censors; for even in this respect,
the men of those days took precautions against ambition.
There are still extant some declamations by Cato, during
his censorship, against the practice of erecting statues of
women in the Roman provinces. However, he could not
prevent these statues being erected at Rome even; to Cornelia,
for instance, the mother of the Gracchi, and daughter of the
elder Scipio Africanus. She is represented in a sitting posture,
and the statue is remarkable for having no straps to the
shoes. This statue, which was formerly in the public Portico
of Metellus, is now in the Buildings of Octavia.3