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1 "Locusta;" literally, the "locust" of the sea. By this name is meant, Cuvier says, the "langouste" of the French (our cray-fish), which has no large forcipes, and has a thorax covered with spines; the Palinurus quadricornis of the naturalists. This is clearly the κάραβος of Aristotle, Hist. Anim. B. viii. c. 23; for we generally find it thus translated by Pliny, when he borrows anything from that philosopher. We know that the body of this animal was spiny, from the fact that Tiberius, as we learn from Suetonius, cruelly caused the face of a fisherman who had offended him, to be rubbed with a locusta.
2 Aristotle, and Theophrastus, in his "Treatise on Animals which conceal themselves," state to a similar effect.
3 Aristotle, Hist. Anim. B. viii. c. 4, states to a similar effect.
4 Aristotle, loc. cit., and Ælian, Hist. Anim. B. ix. c. 25, state to the same effect.
5 Hardouin says, that this must be only understood of the kind of crab known as the "astacus;" that being the one mentioned by Aristotle, in the passage from which Pliny has borrowed.
6 He mentions, in B. ii. c. 41, the effect which the rays of the moon have upon the growth of shell-fish.
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