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It is obvious that there are causes of the seasons and of other things which have been stated, while there are some things which are casual, or of which the reason has not yet been discovered. For who can doubt that summer and winter, and the annual revolution of the seasons are caused by the motion of the stars1? As therefore the nature of the sun is understood to influence the temperature of the year, so each of the other stars has its specific power, which produces its appropriate effects. Some abound in a fluid retaining its liquid state, others, in the same fluid concreted into hoar frost, compressed into snow, or frozen into hail; some are prolific in winds, some in heat, some in vapours, some in dew, some in cold. But these bodies must not be supposed to be actually of the size which they appear, since the consideration of their immense height clearly proves, that none of them are less than the moon. Each of them exercises its influence over us by its own motions; this is particularly observable with respect to Saturn, which produces a great quantity of rain in its transits. Nor is this power confined to the stars which change their situations, but is found to exist in many of the fixed stars, whenever they are impelled by the force of any of the planets, or excited by the impulse of their rays; as we find to be the case with respect to the Suculæ2, which the Greeks, in reference to their rainy nature, have termed the Hyades3. There are also certain events which occur spontaneously, and at stated periods, as the rising of the Kids4. The star Arcturus scarcely ever rises without storms of hail occurring.

1 Marcus has made some remarks on this subject which may be read with advantage; Ajasson, ii. 245–6.

2 The diminutive of Sus.

3 Ab ὕω, pluo.

4 The Hædi were in the constellation Auriga.

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    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), PHASIS
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