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The crocodileon1 resembles the black chamæleon2 in shape: the root is long, of an uniform thickness, and possessed of a pungent smell. It is found growing in sandy soils. Taken in drink, it causes a copious discharge of coagulated blood at the nostrils, and in this way, it is said, diminishes the volume of the spleen.

1 Desfontaines identifies it with the Centaurea crocodileum of Linnæus, and Littré with the Carduus pycnocephalus of Linnæus. Ruellius considers it to be the same plant as the Leucacantha of Dioscorides, which Sprengel identifies with the Cnicus Casabonæ. Fée expresses himself at a loss as to its identity.

2 See B. xxii. c. 21.

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