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1 See B. xx. c. 29.
2 "Intubum cranium."
3 The Cyperus Esculentus of Linnæus.
4 Theophrastus, B. iv. c. 10, says that it grows in the sandy soil in the vicinity of the river.
5 It is similar in appearance to the papyrus, and its tubercles are oblong, or round and fleshy, with an agreeable flavour.
6 The Arachis hypogæa of Linnæus, the earth pistachio.
7 The root is not large; but the fruit is so close to the earth that Pliny may have confounded it with the real root of the plant.
8 Sprengel identifies this with the Lathyrus amphicarpos, and the aracos with the Lathyrus tuberosus, varieties of the chicheling vetch. Columna thinks that this last was the arachidna. Fée says that the data are altogether insufficient to enable us to form an opinion.
9 The Chondrylla juncea of Linnæus, according to Fée; but Desfontaines identifies it with the Lactuca perennis.
10 Desfontaines identifies it with the Hyoseris lucida. Fée says that the opinion is equally as difficult to combat as to support.
11 Fée identifies it with the Caucalis grandiflora of Linnæus, a native of Greece. Desfontaines mentions the Caucalis Orientalis, an Eastern plant.
12 For this and the Scandix, see B. xxii. c. 38.
13 A chicoraceous plant: the Tragopogon crocifolius of Linnæus.
14 See c. 104 of this Book.
15 See cc. 35 and 105 of this Book.
16 The Corchorus olitorius of Linnæus: still cultivated in Egypt.
17 Identified by some, but it is doubtful if with any good reason, with the Leontodon taraxacum of Linnæus: our dandelion.
18 The reading is doubtful, and it does not appear to have been identified.
19 Or "stone-plant:" identified with the Sedum anacampseros of Linnæus: a variety of house-leek.
20 On the contrary, it has a purple flower.
21 It is this, probably, that has caused it to be identified with the Leontodon taraxacum.
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