CHAP. 68.—BREAD: TWENTY-ONE REMEDIES.
too, which forms our ordinary nutriment, possesses
medicinal properties, almost without, number. Applied with
water and oil, or else rose-oil, it softens abscesses; and, with
hydromel, it is remarkably soothing for indurations. It is prescribed with wine to produce delitescence, or when a defluxion
requires to be checked; or, if additional activity is required,
with vinegar. It is employed also for the morbid defluxions of
rheum, known to the Greeks as "rheumatismi," and for
bruises and sprains. For all these purposes, however, bread
made with leaven, and known as "autopyrus,"2
is the best.
It is applied also to whitlows, in vinegar, and to callosities of
the feet. Stale bread, or sailors'-bread,3
beaten up and baked
again, arrests looseness of the bowels. For persons who wish to
improve the voice, dry bread is very good, taken fasting; it
is useful also as a preservative against catarrhs. The bread
called "sitanius," and which is made of three-month4
applied with honey, is a very efficient cure for contusions of
the face and scaly eruptions. White bread, steeped in hot or
cold water, furnishes a very light and wholesome aliment for
patients. Soaked in wine, it is applied as a poultice for
swellings of the eyes, and used in a similar manner, or with
the addition of dried myrtle, it is good for pustules on the
head. Persons troubled with palsy are recommended to take
bread soaked in water, fasting, immediately after the bath.
Burnt bread modifies the close smell of bedrooms, and, used
in the strainers,5
it neutralizes bad odours in wine.