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The cynosorchis,1 by some called "orchis," has leaves like2 those of the olive, soft, three in number, half a foot in length, and lying upon the ground. The root is bulbous, oblong, and divided into two portions,3 the upper one hard, and the lower one soft. These roots are eaten boiled, like bulbs,4 and are mostly found growing in vineyards. If males eat the upper part, they will be parents of male issue, they say; and females, if they eat the lower part, of female. In Thessaly, the men take the soft portion in goats' milk as an aphrodisiac, and the hard part as an antaphrodisiac. Of these parts, the one effectually neutralizes the action of the other.5

1 "Dog's testicle." Considered to be a synonym merely of the Orchis, mentioned in B. xxvi. c. 62.

2 This comparison is totally incorrect.

3 See B. xxvi. c. 62.

4 Or onions.

5 A tissue of groundless superstitions.

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