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1 Now the Straits of Gibraltar.
2 This is said more especially in reference to the western parts of Asia, the only portion which was perfectly known to the ancients. His meaning is, that Asia as a portion of the globe does not lie so far north as Europe, nor so far south as Africa.
3 Now the Don. It was usually looked upon as the boundary between Europe and Asia. Pliny's meaning seems to be, that the Tanais divides Asia from Europe, and the Nile, Asia from Africa, the more especially as the part to the west of the Nile was sometimes considered as belonging to Asia. It has been however suggested that he intends to assign these rivers as the extreme eastern boundaries of the internal or Mediterranean sea.
4 At no spot are the Straits less than ten miles in width; although D'Anville makes the width to be little less than five miles. This passage of our author is probably in a corrupt state.
5 This probably stood near the site of the town of Tarifa of the present day.
6 Probably the point called 'Punta del Sainar' at the present day.
7 Now called Ximiera, Jebel-el-Mina, or Monte del Hacho.
8 The Rock of Gibraltar.
9 The fable was that they originally formed one mountain, which was torn asunder by Hercules, or as Pliny says, "dug through."
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