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There is another kind of marine shrub, known by the name of "bryon;"1 it has the leaf of the lettuce, only that it is of a more wrinkled appearance; it grows nearer land, too, than the last. Far out at sea we find a fir-tree2 and an oak,3 each a cubit in height; shells are found adhering to their branches. It is said that this sea-oak is used for dyeing wool, and that some of them even bear acorns4 in the sea, a fact which has been ascertained by shipwrecked persons and divers. There are other marine trees also of remarkable size, found in the vicinity of Sicyon; the sea-vine,5 indeed, grows everywhere. The sea-fig6 is destitute of leaves, and the bark is red. There is a palm-tree7 also in the number of the sea-shrubs. Beyond the columns of Hercules there is a sea-shrub that grows with the leaf of the leek, and others with those of the carrot,8 and of thyme. Both of these last, when thrown up by the tide, are transformed 9 into pumice.

1 The Ulva lactuca of the moderns, a very common sea-weed.

2 The Fucus ericoïdes, Fée suggests, not unlike a fir in appearance.

3 Quercus. According to Gmellin, this is the Fucus vesiculosus of Linnæus. Its leaves are indented, somewhat similarly to those of the oak.

4 Polybius, as quoted by Athenæus, says that in the Lusitanian Sea there are oaks that bear acorns, on which the thunnies Feed and grow fat.

5 On the contrary, Theophrastus says, B. iv. c. 7, that the sea-vine grows near the sea, from which Fée is disposed to consider it a phanerogamous plant. If, on the other hand, it is really a fucus, he thinks that the Fucus uvarius may be meant, the vesicles of which resemble a grape in shape.

6 He speaks of a madrepore, Fée thinks, the identity of which it is difficult to determine. Professor Pallas speaks of an Alcyonidium ficus, which lives in the Mediterranean and in the ocean, and which resembles a fig, and has no leaves, but its exterior is not red.

7 Feé queries whether this may not be the Gorgonia palma of Linnæus, which has received its name from its resemblance to a small palm-tree.

8 These three, Fée thinks, are madrepores or zoophytes, which it would be vain to attempt to identify.

9 That is, they dry up to the consistency of pumice.

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