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780. In many expressions εἶναι is used absolutely, and it often seems to us superfluous. The most common case is that of ἑκὼν εἶναι, so far as being willing goes, or willingly, used almost exclusively in negative sentences. E.g. Οὔτε αὐτὸς ἔφη ἑκὼν εἶναι δουλεύσειν. HDT. viii. 116.See THUC. ii. 89, THUC. vi. 14. Ἑκὼν γὰρ εἶναι οὐδὲν ψεύσομαι, “willingly I will tell no falsehood.” Symp. 215A Οὐκ ᾤμην γε κατ᾽ ἀρχὰς ὑπὸ σοῦ ἑκόντος εἶναι ἐξαπατηθήσεσθαι. Gorg. 499C. (Ἀνάγκη ἔχειντὴν ἀψεύδειαν καὶ τὸ ἑκόντας εἶναι μηδαμῇ προσδέχεσθαι τὸ ψεῦδος. Id. Rep. 485C: see 336 E. One positive sentence occurs, HDT. vii. 164.

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