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240. The use of ἄν or κέ with the potential optative had already become fixed in the Homeric language. A few cases of “neutral optatives” in Homer, which seem to show an early potential use without κέ or ἄν, have been given above (13). Besides these, a few more distinctly potential optatives without ἄν or κέ occur in Homer, but they are exceptions to the general usage even there. Such are the following:—

Οὔ τι κακώτερον ἄλλο πάθοιμιIl. xix. 321.Τούτου γε σπομένοιο καὶ ἐκ πυρὸς αἰθομένοιο ἄμφω νοστήσαιμενIl. x. 246.Ῥεῖα θεός γ᾽ ἐθέλων ἀμείνονας δωρήσαιτοIl. x. 556 : see Od. iii. 231.Χερμάδιον λάβε, οὐ δύο γ᾽ ἄνδρε φέροιενIl. v. 302 : so xx. 285. “Οὔ τις πείσειε γυναῖκαOd. xiv. 122. So also Il. vii. 48, Il. xiv. 190, Il. xv. 45, Il. 197.

See, further, Theog. 723 and 725; PIND. Ol. x. 21, Py. iv. 118.

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