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286. In the following cases the subjunctive and the optative with κέ or ἄν are contrasted:—

Ἄλλον κ᾽ ἐχθαίρῃσι βροτῶν, ἄλλον κε φιλοίη,” “one mortal he (a king) will hate, and another he may love.” Od. iv. 692.Εἴ τίς σε ἴδοιτο, αὐτίκ᾽ ἂν ἐξείποι Ἀγαμέμνονι, καί κεν ἀνάβλησις λύσιος νεκροῖο γένηται,” “if any one should see you, he would straightway tell Agamemnon, and there might (may) be a postponement, etc.” Il. xxiv. 653.Εἰ μὲν δὴ ἀντίβιον σὺν τεύχεσι πειρηθείης, οὐκ ἄν τοι χραίσμῃσι βιὸς καὶ ταρφέες ἰοί,Il. xi. 386. Compare “ἥν χ᾽ ὑμῖν σάφα εἴπω ὅτε πρότερός γε πυθοίμην,” “(a message) which I will (would) tell you plainly so soon as I shall (should) hear it,” Od. ii. 43 , with “ἥν χ᾽ ἡμῖν σάφα εἴποι ὅτε πρότερός γε πύθοιτο,Od. ii. 31 , — both referring to the same thing.

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