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47. Ἔχω with the aorist and sometimes the perfect participle may form a periphrastic perfect (831). In tragedy and in Herodotus this is often fully equivalent to our perfect with "have"; elsewhere, especially in Attic prose, the participle and ἔχω are more or less distinct in their force. Still, this is the beginning of the modern perfect. E.g. See THUC. i. 68; DEM. ix. 12, DEM. xxvii. 17.

The beginning of this usage appears in

Κρύψαντες γὰρ ἔχουσι θεοὶ βίον ἀνθρώποισι


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