previous next

1814. Optative of Wish.—In independent sentences the optative without ἄν is used to express a wish referring to the future (negative μή): παῖ, γένοιο πατρὸς εὐτυχέστερος ah, boy, mayest thou prove more fortunate than thy sire S. Aj. 550. From this use is derived the name of the mood (Lat. opto wish).

a. So even in relative sentences: ““ἐά_ν ποτε, δ̀ μὴ γένοιτο, λάβωσι τὴν πόλινif ever they capture the city, which Heaven forbidL. 31.14.

b. Under wishes are included execrations and protestations: ““ἐξολοίμηνmay I perishAr. Ach. 324, ““καί σ᾽ ἐπιδείξω, μὴ ζῴην, δωροδοκήσανταand I will prove that you took bribes, or may I not liveAr. Eq. 833.

hide References (2 total)
  • Cross-references to this page (2):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.pos=2.2
    • Jeffrey A. Rydberg-Cox, Overview of Greek Syntax, Verbs: Mood
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: