previous next


1113. As a personal pronoun, chiefly after καί, and in the nominative: καὶ ὅς () and he (she): ““καὶ οἳ εἶπονand they saidX. A. 7.6.4. Also in ““ δ᾽ ὅςand he saidP. R. 327c (792). So καὶ τόν (τήν) used as the accusative of καὶ ὅς, as subject of a following infinitive in indirect discourse: καὶ τὸν εἰπεῖν and (he said that) he said P. S. 174a.

1114. In the nominative ὅς, , are usually thus written. Some write , , οἵ, αἵ when these words are used as demonstratives; but μέν . . . δέ is rare.

a. The forms ὅς, , here apparently relatives with an older demonstrative force, may be in reality demonstratives, ὅς being the demonstrative (article) to which the nominative sign -ς has been added. From this ὅς may be derived, by analogy, the demonstrative use of , and of οἶς, οὕς in fixed expressions (1110).

1115. Also in ““τὸν καὶ τόνthis one and that oneL. 1.23, ““τὸ καὶ τόthis and thatD. 9.68, τὰ καὶ τά D. 21.141, ““οὔτε τοῖς οὔτε τοῖςneither to these nor to thoseP. L. 701e. In the nom. ““ὃς καὶ ὅςsuch and such an oneHdt. 4.68.

1116. In an oblique case before the relatives ὅς, ὅσος, οἶος: ““τόν τε Εὐθύκριτον . . . καὶ τὸν ὃς ἔρη δεσπότης τούτου εἶναι, μάρτυρας παρέξομαιand as witness I will produce both Euthycritus and the man who said he was his masterL. 23.8, ““ὀρέγεται τοῦ ἔστιν ἴσονhe aims at that which is equalP. Ph. 75b, and often in Plato in defining philosophical terms.

1117. Rarely with prepositions, except in πρὸ τοῦ (or προτοῦ) before this time T. 1.118. On ἐν τοῖς with the superlative, see 1089.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: