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οὐδέ (μηδέ) as a Conjunction

2932. οὐδέ (μηδέ) as a conjunction (and not, nor) connects two or more whole clauses.

2933. In Attic prose οὐδέ is used only to join a negative clause to another clause itself negative; as ““οὐδεμία ἐλπὶς ἦν τι_μωρία_ς οὐδὲ ἄλλη σωτηρία_ ἐφαίνετοthere was no hope of assistance nor did any chance of safety appearT. 3.20.

a. A negative clause is joined to an affirmative clause by καὶ οὐ (μή). Thus, ““ἐμμενῶ τῇ ξυμμαχίᾳ . . . καὶ οὐ παραβήσομαιI will abide by the alliance and I will not violate itT. 5.47. καὶ οὐ (μή) may have an adversative force (but not).

N.—But in poetry and Ionic prose οὐδέ may continue an affirmative clause; as ““δεινὸν γὰρ οὐδὲ ῥητόνdread indeed and not to be utteredS. Ph. 756.

2934. οὐδέ is used by the poets for but not, where Attic prose writers have ἀλλ᾽ ου᾽ or καὶ οὐ. Thus, ἔνθ᾽ ἄλλοις μὲν πᾶσιν ἑήνδανεν, οὐδέ ποθ᾽ Ἥρῃ οὐδὲ Ποσει- ““δάωνιthen it was pleasing to all the others, but not to Hera or to PoseidonΩ 25, ““ἐμαῖσι οὐδὲ σαῖσι δυσβουλίαιςby my folly but not by thineS. Ant. 1269 (cp. the negative form ““οὐκ ἐμὸν τόδ᾽ ἀλλὰ σόνthis is not my part, but thineS. El. 1470). Cp. ““σοῦ τάδε κινδυ_νεύεις, ἀλλ᾽ οὐκ ἐμοῦ ἀκηκοέναιyou probably heard this from yourself and not from meP. Alc. 113c.

2935. οὐδέ may stand in an apodosis corresponding to apodotic δέ (2837). Cp. S. O. C. 590.

2936. οὐδέ may negative a preceding word also; as ““αἱ Φοίνισσαι νῆες οὐδὲ Τισσαφέρνης . . . ἧκονthe Phoenician ships had not arrived nor had TissaphernesT. 8.99. Cp. 2943. In such cases we usually find another negative, which goes with the verb; as ““ἁπλοῦν μὲν οὐδὲ δίκαιον οὐδὲν ἂν εἰπεῖν ἔχοιhe could say nothing straightforward nor justD. 22.4.

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