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1. Indicative and Optative after ὅτι or ὡς

2614. After primary tenses, the verb of the direct form remains unchanged in mood and tense.

““λέγει δ᾽ ὡς ὑβριστής εἰμιhe says that I am an insolent personL. 24.15 ( = ὑβριστὴς εἶ), ““ἀλλ᾽ ἐννοεῖν χρὴ τοῦτο μέν, γυναῖχ᾽ ὅτι ἔφυ_μενbut we must remember on the one hand that we were born womenS. Ant. 61, ““οἶδ᾽ ὅτι οὐδ᾽ ἂν τοῦτό μοι ἐμέμφουI know that you would not blame me even for thisX. O. 2.15, ““ἀπεκρί_νατο ὅτι οὐδὲν ἂν τούτων εἴποιhe replied that he would say nothing of thisX. A. 5.6.37 ( = ἂν εἴποιμι).

2615. After secondary tenses, an indicative without ἄν usually becomes optative, but may be retained unchanged. An indicative with ἄν and an optative with ἄν are retained.

a. Optative for Indicative.—““ἔγνωσαν ὅτι κενὸς φόβος εἴηthey recognized that their fear was groundlessX. A. 2.2.21 ( = ἐστί), ““ἔλεξαν ὅτι πέμψειε σφᾶς Ἰνδῶν βασιλεύςthey said that the king of the Indians had sent themX. C. 2.4.7 ( = ἔπεμψεν ἡμᾶς), ““ἠγγέλθη ὅτι ἡττημένοι εἶεν οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι . . . καὶ Πείσανδρος τεθναίηit was reported that the Lacedaemonians had been defeated and that Peisander was deadX. H. 4.3.10 ( = ἡττημένοι εἰσι and τέθνηκε).

N.—The first example of the optative in indirect discourse is later than Homer (Hymn to Aphrodite 214). Aeschylus has four cases. See 2624 c.

b. Direct Form Retained.—““διῆλθε λόγος ὅτι διώκει αὐτοὺς Κῦροςa report spread that Cyrus was pursuing themX. A. 1.4.7, ““ἀποκρι_νάμενοι ὅτι πέμψουσι πρέσβεις, εὐθὺς ἀπήλλαξανthey withdrew immediately on answering that they would send envoysT. 1.90 ( = πέμψομεν). See also 2623, 2625.

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