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893. Compounds generally have recessive accent, as φιλό-τι_μος loving-<*> (τι_μή). But there are many exceptions, e.g.—

a. P<*>tives in -ά_, -ή, -ής, -εύς, -μός, and -έος usually keep their accent when compoun<*>; except dissyllabic words in -ά_, -ή, -ής whose first part is not a preposition. Thus, κριτής judge, ὑποκριτής actor, ὀνειροκρίτης interpreter of dreams.

b. Compound adjectives in -ης, -ες are usually oxytone: εὐ-γενής well-born.

894. Compounds in -ος (not -τος or -κος) formed by the union of a noun or adverb and the stem of a transitive verb are:

a. <*> when they have a long penult and an active meaning: στρατ-ηγός general.

b. <*> when they have short penult and an active meaning: πατροκτ<*> <*>icide, λιθο-βόλος throwing-stones, λαιμο-τόμος throat-cutting, ὑδροφο<*> <*>ter-carrier.

c. propar<*>, when they have a short penult and passive meaning: πατρόκτο<*> <*>ain by a father, λιθό-βολος pelted with stones, λαιμό-τομος with thr<*> out, αὐτό-γραφος written with one's own hand.

N.—A<*> compounds of -οχος (ἔχ-ω, 878), -αρχος (ἄρχ-ω), -συ_λος (συ_λά-ω rob<*> -πο<*> (πέρθ-ω destroy) are proparoxytone; ἡνί-οχος (rein-holder) charioteer, <*> commander of horses, ἱερό-συ_λος temple-robber, πτολί-πορθος sacking cities. <*> staff-bearer (ῥαβδός) is contracted from ῥαβδό-οχος.

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