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672. All vowel and consonant verbs in -ω inflect the aorists passive alike, that is, according to the μι-conjugation, except in the subjunctive.

a. Vowel verbs rarely form second aorists that are passive in form, as ῥέω flow, ἐρρύην (803). But ῥέω is properly not a vowel verb (see 503).

673. Indicative.—The indicative adds the active secondary endings directly to the tense stem ending in -θη- (first aorist) or -η- (second aorist). The inflection is thus like that of the imperfect of a verb in -μι.


a. For -σαν we find -ν from -ντ) in poetical and dialectic forms before which η has been shortened to ε (40), thus ὥρμηθεν for ὡρμήθησαν from ὁρμάω urge.

674. Subjunctive.—The subjunctive adds -ώη- to the tense stem ending in -θε- or -ε- and contracts: λυθῶ, -ῇς, -, etc., from λυθέω, -έῃς, -έῃ, etc.; φανῶ, -ῇς, - from φανέω, -έῃς, -έῃ, etc.

674 D. Hdt. leaves εω open (αἱρεθέω, φανέωσι) but contracts εη, εῃ (φανῇ). Hom. has some forms like the 2 aor. subj. of μι-verbs. Thus, from δαμνάω (δάμνημι) subdue: δαμήω, -ήῃς, -ήῃ, -ήετε. So also δαήω (δα- learn), σαπήῃ (σήπω cause to rot), φανήῃ (φαίνω show), τραπήομεν (τέρπω amuse). The spellings with ει (e.g. δαμείω, δαείω) are probably incorrect.

675. Optative.—The optative adds -ι_- or -ιη- to the tense-stem ending in -θε- or -ε-, and contracts. In the singular -ιη- is regular; in the dual and plural -ι_- is generally preferred. Thus λυθείην from λυθε-ίη-ν, φανείην from φανε-ίη-ν, λυθεῖτον from λυθέ-ι_-τον, φανεῖτον from φανέ-ι_-τον, λυθεῖμεν from λυθέ-ι_-μεν, φανεῖεν from φανέ-ιε-ν. The inflection is like that of the present optative of a μι-verb.


a. -είημεν is used only in prose (but Plato and Isocrates have also -εῖμεν). -είητε is almost always found in the Mss. of prose writers; -εῖτε occurs only in poetry (except from μι-verbs). -εῖεν is more common in prose than -είησαν.

676. Imperative.—The endings of the imperative are added to the tense-stem ending in -θη- or -η-. Before -ντων, -θη- and -η- become -θε- and -ε- (λυθέντων, φανέντων). For -τι instead of -θι in the first aorist (λύθητι) see 125 b.

677. Infinitive.—-ναι is added to the tense-stem in -θη- or -η-: λυθῆ-ναι, φανῆ-ναι.

677 D. Hom. has -μεναι, as ὁμοιωθήμεναι, δαήμεναι (and δαῆναι). Doric has -μεν, Aeolic -ν (μεθύσθην μεθυσθῆναι).

678. Participle.—The participle adds -ντ, as masc. λυθείς from λυθεντ-ς, fem. λυθεῖσα from λυθεντ-[ιγλιδε]α, neut. λυθέν from λυθεντ). See 301. So φανείς, etc.

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