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Relative ὡς as a Conjunction

3000. ὡς conjunctive is found in dependent clauses.

Declarative: that, like ὅτι. Cp. 2577 ff., 2614 ff.

Final: that, in order that; like ἵνα, but not used in standard Attic prose. Cp. 2193.

Object clauses after verbs of effort: that, like ὅπως; cp. 2209. Rarely after verbs of fearing: that. Cp. 2235.

Causal: as, inasmuch as, since, seeing that, like ὅτι, ἐπεί, etc. Cp. 2240.

Consecutive: so that, like ὥστε. Usually with the infinitive, sometimes with the indicative. Cp. 2260.

Temporal: after, like ἐπεί; sometimes when, whenever. Cp. 2383.

3001. ὡς is often found before sentences apparently independent, where it is sometimes explained as a conjunction with the verb suppressed. Thus, ὡς τῆσδ᾽ ἑκοῦσα παιδὸς οὐ μεθήσομαι (know) that of my own accord I will not relinquish my child E. Hec. 400, ὡς δὴ σύ μοι τύραννος Ἀργείων ἔσει (do you mean) that you forsooth shall be lord and master of Argives A. Ag. 1633. Some scholars regard this ὡς as causal, others regard it as demonstrative, others as comparative.

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