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1693. περί around (on all sides), about; cp. πέριξ round about. Lat. per in permagnus. περί is wider than ἀμφί: cp. X. Vect. 1.7 οὐ πεοίρρυτος οὖσα ὥσπερ νῆσος . . . ἀμφιθάλαττος γάρ ἐστι it (Attica) is not, like an island, surrounded by the sea . . . for it has the sea on two sides. On περί post-positive, see 1665.

1. περί with the Genitive

a. Local (poetic): περὶ τρόπιος βεβαώς riding on (astride) the keel ε 130.

b. Other relations: about, concerning (Lat. de), the subject about which an act or thought centres: ““περὶ πατρίδος μαχούμενοιfighting for their countryT. 6.69 (cp. ὑπέρ), ““δείσα_ς περὶ τοῦ υἱοῦfearing for his sonX. C. 1.4.22, ““λέγειν περὶ τῆς εἰρήνηςto speak about peaceT. 5.55; τὰ περί τινος instead of τὰ περί τινα is used in the neighbourhood of a verb of saying or thinking (which takes περί with gen.): ““τὰ περὶ τῆς ἀρετῆςthe relations of virtueP. Pr. 360e. Superiority (cp. 1402): ““περίεσσι γυναικῶν εἶδοςthou dost surpass women in beautyς 248, περὶ παντὸς ποιούμενοι regarding as (more than everything) all-important T. 2.11 (cp. 1373).

2. περί with the Dative

a. Local: about: of arms, dress, etc., in prose: ““στρεπτοὶ περὶ τοῖς τραχήλοιςcollars about their necksX. A. 1.5.8, περὶ τοῖς σώμασιν ἔχουσιν the clothes about their persons I. ep. 9. 10 (only case in the orators), περὶ δουρί A 303.

b. Other relations (usually poetic): External cause: ““δείσαντες περὶ ταῖς ναυσίνafraid for their shipsT. 7.53 (with verbs of fearing, περί with the gen. is fear of or fear for). Inner impulse: ““περὶ τάρβειfrom fearA. Pers. 694.

3. περί with the Accusative

a. Local: of position: ““ἀπέστειλαν ναῦς περὶ Πελοπόννησονthey despatched ships round about PeloponneseT. 2.23, ᾤκουν περὶ πᾶσαν τὴν Σικελία_ν they settled all round Sicily 6. 2; of persons: ““οἱ περὶ Ἡρἁ_κλειτονthe followers of HeraclitusP. Crat. 440c.

b. Indefinite statement of time and number: ““περὶ ὄρθρονabout dawnT. 6.101, περὶ ἑβδομήκοντα about seventy 1. 54.

c. Other relations: Occupation: ““οἱ περὶ τὴν μουσικὴν ὄντεςthose who are engaged in liberal pursuitsI. 9.4; connected with, of general relation (with reference to): ““οἱ νόμοι οἱ περὶ τοὺς γάμουςthe laws about marriageP. Cr. 50d, ““περὶ θεοὺς ἀσεβέστατοιmost impious in regard to the godsX. H. 2.3.53, ““τὰ περὶ τὰ_ς ναῦςnaval affairsT. 1.13. Verbs of action (except verbs of striving) prefer περί with accus., verbs of perception, emotion, knowing, prefer περί with gen. But the cases often shift.

4. περί in Composition

Around, about (περιέχειν surround), beyond, over (περιεῖναι excel; and περιορᾶ<*> look beyond, overlook, suffer), (remaining) over (περιγίγνεσθαι remain over, result, and excel), exceedingly (περιχαρής very glad).

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