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Subject in the Singular, Verb in the Plural

950. With singular collective substantives (996) denoting persons and with like words implying a plural, the verb may stand in the plural.

Thus, ““τὸ στρατόπεδον ἐν αἰτίᾳ ἔχοντες τὸν Ἆγιν ἀνεχώρουνthe army returned holding Agis at faultT. 5.60, ““τοιαῦτα ἀκούσα_σα πόλις Ἀ_γησίλα_ον εἵλοντο βασιλέα_the city, after hearing such arguments, chose Agesilaus kingX. H. 3.3.4. So with βουλή senate, μέρος part, πλῆθος multitude, δῆμος people, ὄχλος throng.

951. So with ἕκαστος: τῶν ἑαυτοῦ ἕκαστος καὶ παίδων καὶ χρημάτων ἄρχουσι every man is master of his own children and property X. R. L. 6.1.

952. If ἕκαστος, ἑκάτερος, ἄλλος are added in apposition to a plural subject, the verb generally remains plural: ““ἐγώ τε καὶ σὺ μακρὸν λόγον ἑκάτερος ἀπετείναμενboth you and I have carried on a long controversyP. Pr. 361a. If the verb follows the apposition, it may be singular: οὗτοι μὲν ἄλλος ἄλλα λέγει these say, some one thing, some another X. A. 2.1.15. Cp. 982.

953. A subject in the singular, followed by a clause containing the preposition μετά with, rarely takes a plural verb: ““Ἀλκιβιάδης μετὰ Μαντιθέου ἵππων εὐπορήσαντες ἀπέδρα_σανAlcibiades and Mantitheus escaped because they were well provided with horsesX. H. 1.1.10.

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