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237. Some substantives ending in -εως are placed under the Second Declension because they are derived from earlier ο stems preceded by a long vowel (-εως from -ηος, 34). A few others have a consonant before -ως. The vocative has no special form.

N.—This declension is called “Attic” because the words in question generally show -ως in Attic and -ος in the Koinè dialect (p. 3, F).

238. o( new/s temple

Nom. νεώ-ς (Ionic νηό-ςN. A. νεώ (Ionic νηώNom. νεῴ (Ionic νηοί
Gen. νεώ (“ νηοῦG. D. νεῴν (“ νηοῖνGen. νεών (“ νηῶν
Dat. νεῴ (“ νηῷDat. νεῴς (“ νηοῖς
Acc. νεών (“ νηό-νAcc. νεώς (“ νηούς

a. So λεώς people, Μενέλεως Menelaus, λαγώς hare. Observe that ω is found in every form, and that it takes ι subscript in the dative of all numbers where an ordinary ο stem has ι.

b. There are no neuter substantives belonging to the Attic declension in standard classical literature; but neuter adjectives (289) end in -ων.

c. νεώς and most words of this declension owe their forms to transfer of quantity (34) or to shortening (39). Thus, νεώς is from νηός ( = Doric να_ός), νεών from νηόν; νεῴ is from νηῷ. λαγώς is contracted from λαγωός.

d. In the accusative singular some words end in -ω or -ων, as λαγώ or λαγών hare. So Ἄθως, Κέως, Τέως, Κῶς, Μί_νως. ἕως dawn always has ἕω.

238 D. Hom. has νηός temple, λα_ός people, κάλος cable, λαγωός hare, γάλοως sister-in-law, Ἀθόως, Κόως; Hdt. has λεώς, λαγός, Κέος. Hom. and Hdt. have ἠώς, gen. ἠοῦς, dawn, whence Att. ἕως by 39. Hom. has Πετεῶ-ο, the original form of the genitive, from Πετεώς. νεώ is from νεωο out of νηοο.

239. Accent.—a. The accent of the nominative is kept in all cases. Μενέ0εως (163 a) retains the accent of the earlier Μενέλα_ος.

b. The genitive and dative are oxytone when the final syllable is accented.

N.—The accentuation of the words of this declension is doubtful. Some of the ancients accented λαγώς, λαγών, others λαγῶς, λαγῶν, etc.

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