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σοφίαν καὶ σωφροσύνην: prudence and temperance. Σοφία (wisdom or prudence) is right judgment about what ought to be done; σωφροσύνη is temperance, self-control or self-regulation, in acting. Cf. Socrates primus philosophiam devocavit a caelo et in urbibus collocavit et in domos etiam introduxit, et coëgit de vita et moribus rebusque bonis et malis quaerere Cic. Tusc. Disp. v. 4. 41.—ἀλλὰ τῷ τὰ μὲν καλὰ κτλ.: “but by a man's knowing and practicing the higher virtues, and recognizing and avoiding baseness, he judged him to be both wise and virtuous.” τῷ χρῆσθαι is dat. of instrument, and as inf. has for its subj. ἄνθρωπον understood, with which γιγνώσκοντα agrees. The condensed form of expression in this sent. seems to emphasize the identity of ‘knowing’ and ‘doing.’
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